Rock cycle pdf notes

The rock cycle is the set of natural processes that form, change, break down, and re-form rocks. Rocks do not move through the rock cycle in a particular order. The rock cycle has no beginning or ending but goes on continually. Rock Types The 3 types of rock are classified by how they form. diagram of the rock cycle. Visualize It! 13 Apply Write a series of blog entries from the viewpoint of igneous rock that is changing into sedimentary rock. Metamorphic Rock 14 Identify List one process that happens above Earth's surface. List one process that happens below Earth's surface. B C A Lesson 2 The Rock Cycle 475

Rock Cycle Notes _____ – earth material made up of minerals and organic matter (remains of once living organisms) _____ – a continuous process by which rocks are created, changed from one form to another, destroyed, and then formed again. - The rock cycle is the combination of all the processes that act to in human beings. Practice Rock Cycle MCQ PDF with answers to solve MCQ test questions: Igneous rocks, metamorphic rocks, rock cycle, and sedimentary rocks. Practice Rocks and Weathering MCQ PDF with answers to solve MCQ test questions: How are rocks made, sediments and layers, weathered pieces of rocks, and weathering of rocks. Practice Sound and diagram of the rock cycle. Visualize It! 13 Apply Write a series of blog entries from the viewpoint of igneous rock that is changing into sedimentary rock. Metamorphic Rock 14 Identify List one process that happens above Earth's surface. List one process that happens below Earth's surface. B C A Lesson 2 The Rock Cycle 475Listen to a rock cycle song, and provide students with the lyrics to illustrate. Provide students with an alternative to writing and making a trifold by creating a multi‐ media presentation. Allow students to provide examples of each rock and go more in depth with the rock cycle description. Act out the rock cycle.the rock surface. Adverse temperature changes produce fragments due to different thermal coefficients of rock minerals. The effect is more for freeze-thaw cycles. Chemical weathering not only breaks up the material into smaller particles but alters the nature of the original parent rock itself.

Hyde, Natalie. What Is the Rock Cycle? (Let’s Rock!) New York, NY: Crabtree Publishing, 2010. Ostopowich, Melanie. The Rock Cycle (Earth Science). New York, NY: Weigl Publishers, 2010. GLOSSARY ash (ASH) Pieces of tiny rock that shoot out of a volcano when it blows. contains (kun­TAYNZ) Holds. Live. •. Paul Andersen explains how rock is formed and changed on the planet. The video begins with a brief description of rocks, minerals, and the rock cycle. Plate tectonics is used to describe structure near plate boundaries. Hot spots and natural hazards (like volcanos, earthquake, and tsunamis) are included.To make students score well in the exam, we are sharing you with notes on "Classification of Rocks and Rock Cycle". Classification of Rocks and Rock Cycle Rocks. About 98% of the total Earth's crust is composed of eight elements which are: Source- NCERT. There are major mineral groups that are known as rock-forming minerals.pre-existing igneous or sedimentary rock The materials that make up the rocks of the crust are slowly but constantly being changed from one form to another. The inter-relationships between rock types can be summarized on what is known as the rock cycle diagram [see p. 28, and the figure to the left]. Magma can either cool slowly (over

Study Guide The Rock Cycle Answer Key 1/4 Download Study Guide The Rock Cycle Answer Key Physical Geology-Steven Earle 2019 "Physical Geology is a comprehensive introductory text on the physical aspects of geology, including rocks and minerals, plate tectonics, earthquakes, volcanoes, glaciation, groundwater, streams, coasts, mass wasting, climate change, planetary Topic 4 Notes: Rocks and the Rock Cycle ( workbook p. 45-59) Rocks are naturally-occurring, solid mixtures of one or more minerals; certain rocks can also be made from organic matter. Rocks are classified by their origin (how they formed) into three types: igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic.Steps of the Rock Cycle. 1) Formation of Igneous Rock - Melting, Cooling, and Crystallization. Magma, the molten rock present deep inside the earth, solidifies due to cooling and crystallizes to form a type of rock called igneous rocks. Cooling of igneous rocks can occur slowly beneath the surface of the earth or rapidly at its surface.Metamorphic Rock Sedimentary Igneous Rock Sediments (vi) rig. 2.4: Rock cycle Some of the uses of rocks are as follows: For building roads, houses and constructing buildings For making jewellery For cutting and drilling purposes The fossilised remains of plants and animals present in rocks help in scientific research.

You will get to at the end of the starburst rock cycle model. Using your scissors, cut the starburst into smaller pieces. Cut each piece into about 12 to 16 smaller pieces. Do this over a piece of paper. Make sure to keep the colors separated. Watch as your teacher demonstrates a safe way to cut the starburst.Forces inside Earth and at the surface produce a rock cycle that builds, destroys, and changes rocks in the crust. . The rock cycle is a series of processes on and beneath Earth's surface that slowly change rocks from one kind to another. Misconception: There is only one set path through the rock cycle. FALSE!ROCK CYCLE NOTES 12-4-17 Why care about Rocks? Energy & Commerce Fossil Fuels Gems Countertops & other building materials History of the Earth Dinosaurs, Past Climates, Pangaea Other Planets Meteorites Rock Samples (from missions) Careers Geologists, Archeologist, Climatologist, Engineers, Architects, Artists View Lithosphere Part 2 NotesPacket.pdf from HISTORY 201 at South Gwinnett High School. Unit 3: Rocks and Processes Earth and Environmental Science Name:_ Types of Rocks and The Rock Cycle Date: View Lithosphere Part 2 NotesPacket.pdf from HISTORY 201 at South Gwinnett High School. Unit 3: Rocks and Processes Earth and Environmental Science Name:_ Types of Rocks and The Rock Cycle Date: Rock Cycle Teacher Notes.pdf Teacher Note When planning this unit, I found that NGSS standard, 5-ESS2-1 was quite complex: Develop a model using an example to describe ways the geosphere, biosphere, hydrosphere, and/or atmosphere interact .

The Rock Cycle. The rock cycle is a concept used to explain how the three basic rock types are related and how Earth processes, over geologic time, change a rock from one type into another. Plate tectonic activity, along with weathering and erosional processes, are responsible for the continued recycling of rocks.NCERT Notes: The Rock Cycle [Geography Notes For UPSC] There are three main types of rocks: sedimentary, igneous, and metamorphic. Each of these rocks are formed by physical changes—such as melting, cooling, eroding, compacting, or deforming—that are part of the rock cycle.rock to decompose. •Lithification: the process by which materials are converted into solid rock through compaction or cementation. •Sediment: minerals or organic matter deposited by water, air or ice. •Metamorphism: a change in the structure of a rock due to natural processes such as, pressure or heat.

Hyde, Natalie. What Is the Rock Cycle? (Let’s Rock!) New York, NY: Crabtree Publishing, 2010. Ostopowich, Melanie. The Rock Cycle (Earth Science). New York, NY: Weigl Publishers, 2010. GLOSSARY ash (ASH) Pieces of tiny rock that shoot out of a volcano when it blows. contains (kun­TAYNZ) Holds. • Classify the Rock Cycle as a slow and gradual process but identify counterexamples to explain when rocks can be changed suddenly, as seen in natural disasters. • Explain the Rock Cycle and its processes verbally or in text. ... • Rock Cycle Vocab Guided Notes*View Lithosphere Part 2 NotesPacket.pdf from HISTORY 201 at South Gwinnett High School. Unit 3: Rocks and Processes Earth and Environmental Science Name:_ Types of Rocks and The Rock Cycle Date: GY 111 Lecture Notes D. Haywick (2016-17) 1 GY 111 Lecture Note Series . Rocks and the Rock Cycle . Lecture Goals: A) Types of Rocks B) Igneous Rocks C) Sedimentary Rocks D) Metamorphic Rocks E) The Rock Cycle . Reference: Press et al. (2004), Chapter 4; Grotzinger et al. (2007) Chapter 3 . A) Types of Rocks ...The water cycle lets living things use water over and over. In the environment, water moves between the oceans, atmosphere, land, and living things. Eventually, all the water taken in by organisms returns to the environment. The movement of water is known as the water cycle. The parts of the water cycle are explained in the figure below. Rock Cycle Teacher Notes.pdf Teacher Note When planning this unit, I found that NGSS standard, 5-ESS2-1 was quite complex: Develop a model using an example to describe ways the geosphere, biosphere, hydrosphere, and/or atmosphere interact .The rock cycle is the set of natural processes that form, change, break down, and re-form rocks. Rocks do not move through the rock cycle in a particular order. The rock cycle has no beginning or ending but goes on continually. Rock Types The 3 types of rock are classified by how they form. Hyde, Natalie. What Is the Rock Cycle? (Let’s Rock!) New York, NY: Crabtree Publishing, 2010. Ostopowich, Melanie. The Rock Cycle (Earth Science). New York, NY: Weigl Publishers, 2010. GLOSSARY ash (ASH) Pieces of tiny rock that shoot out of a volcano when it blows. contains (kun­TAYNZ) Holds.

Study Guide The Rock Cycle Answer Key 1/4 Download Study Guide The Rock Cycle Answer Key Physical Geology-Steven Earle 2019 "Physical Geology is a comprehensive introductory text on the physical aspects of geology, including rocks and minerals, plate tectonics, earthquakes, volcanoes, glaciation, groundwater, streams, coasts, mass wasting, climate change, planetary Rock Cycle Resources . Lunar and Planetary Institute Education Pages . ... Scroll down for links to a variety of lecture notes, on minerals, igneous, sedimentary ... All rock types begin in the earth’s crust within a process known as the Rock Cycle. This process is explained and the cycle itself looked at in depth. The tectonic processes that influence and drive formations both within the earth’s crust and on the surface are also explored. Timeline 00:00:00 Introduction 00:00:22 Our Earth

The rock cycle is the set of natural processes that form, change, break down, and re-form rocks. Rocks do not move through the rock cycle in a particular order. The rock cycle has no beginning or ending but goes on continually. Rock Types The 3 types of rock are classified by how they form. 2. Make two shapes to represent the two stages before rock is formed: magma and sediment. 3. Make 9 thick arrows in five colors and label them: 2 melting 3 weathering and erosion 1 cooling 2 heat and pressure 1 compacting and cementing 4. Now arrange your parts to show the rock cycle. Be ready to explain the process. σ1 = σ3 + (m σc σ3+ sσc2)0.5 where σ c is the intact compressive strength, s is a rock mass constant (s=1 for intact rock, s<1 for broken rock), and m is a constant (characteristic of the rock type where values range from 25, for coarse grained igneous and metamorphic rocks to 7 for carbonate rocks). Description: The goal of this lab is to review the rock cycle. The rock cycle shows the relationship between the three main types of rocks: igneous, metamorphic, and sedimentary. We will see how any type of rock can become another kind. Lab safety: 1. The materials used in this lab are nontoxic, but none of the materials should be consumed. 2.

Forces inside Earth and at the surface produce a rock cycle that builds, destroys, and changes rocks in the crust. . The rock cycle is a series of processes on and beneath Earth's surface that slowly change rocks from one kind to another. Misconception: There is only one set path through the rock cycle. FALSE!the rock surface. Adverse temperature changes produce fragments due to different thermal coefficients of rock minerals. The effect is more for freeze-thaw cycles. Chemical weathering not only breaks up the material into smaller particles but alters the nature of the original parent rock itself.MCQ PDF with answers to solve MCQ test questions: Respiration and breathing, and transport in human beings. Practice Rock Cycle MCQ PDF with answers to solve MCQ test questions: Igneous rocks, metamorphic rocks, rock cycle, and sedimentary rocks. Practice Rocks and Weathering MCQ PDF with answers to solve MCQ test questions: How are rocks made ... in human beings. Practice Rock Cycle MCQ PDF with answers to solve MCQ test questions: Igneous rocks, metamorphic rocks, rock cycle, and sedimentary rocks. Practice Rocks and Weathering MCQ PDF with answers to solve MCQ test questions: How are rocks made, sediments and layers, weathered pieces of rocks, and weathering of rocks. Practice Sound and Learn the Rock Cycle and save the world from the Ultimate Evil. S'mores are good. Rocks are bad. Use spells that you learn along the way to crush rocks into sediments or melt them back into lava. It's okay, it's the cycle of... rocks. Notes: Use 'space bar' or 'enter' to select. Use arrow keys to navigate. Use 'escape' to exit menu.

The rock cycle is a natural continuous process in which rocks form, are broken down and re-form again over long periods of time. The process can be described as follows: Heat causes expansion of rocks and cold causes contraction. Wind, water, heat and cold cause the weathering of rocks on the surface of the Earth.

Rock Cycle Notes When sedimentary rock gets and heat will turn it into metamorphic rock as well. 14 Rock Cycle Notes Metamorphic rock can get weathered sediment will turn into sedimentary rock. 15 Rock Cycle Notes Most Metamorphic rocks will get heat will melt the rock back into magma and this will restart the rock cycle again. 16. 17.The Rock Cycle. Parts Of Rocks. Rocks have many different parts . Rocks can be sorted into groups by looking at their parts. Some rock parts are: Crystals. Grains. Crystals. Crystals are different atoms that are formed in a pattern. They can be big or small, fat or thin. GrainsRock Cycle Notes _____ – earth material made up of minerals and organic matter (remains of once living organisms) _____ – a continuous process by which rocks are created, changed from one form to another, destroyed, and then formed again. - The rock cycle is the combination of all the processes that act to

the rock surface. Adverse temperature changes produce fragments due to different thermal coefficients of rock minerals. The effect is more for freeze-thaw cycles. Chemical weathering not only breaks up the material into smaller particles but alters the nature of the original parent rock itself.Metamorphic Rock Sedimentary Igneous Rock Sediments (vi) rig. 2.4: Rock cycle Some of the uses of rocks are as follows: For building roads, houses and constructing buildings For making jewellery For cutting and drilling purposes The fossilised remains of plants and animals present in rocks help in scientific research.

Section 3.1 The Rock Cycle This section explains the different types of rocks found on Earth and in the rock cycle. Reading Strategy Building Vocabulary As you read, write down the definition for each term. For more information on this Reading Strategy, see the Reading and Study Skills in the Skills and Reference Handbook at the end of your ... Lesson Synopsis (Need to Finish) The The Rocks Cycle lesson provides students opportunity to develop and apply an understanding of how rocks change from one form to another. The lesson begins with defining a rock cycle through an interactive powerpoint. Then students take part in a "Journey Through the Rock Cycle" game.

Learn the Rock Cycle and save the world from the Ultimate Evil. S'mores are good. Rocks are bad. Use spells that you learn along the way to crush rocks into sediments or melt them back into lava. It's okay, it's the cycle of... rocks. Notes: Use 'space bar' or 'enter' to select. Use arrow keys to navigate. Use 'escape' to exit menu.ROCK CYCLE NOTES 12-4-17 Why care about Rocks? Energy & Commerce Fossil Fuels Gems Countertops & other building materials History of the Earth Dinosaurs, Past Climates, Pangaea Other Planets Meteorites Rock Samples (from missions) Careers Geologists, Archeologist, Climatologist, Engineers, Architects, Artists

Intro 3 Major Types of Rock Igneous Rock Sedimentary Rock Metamorphic Rock The Rock Cycle 10.1 Rocks and the Rock Cycle •Magma is the parent material for all rocks. •Once the magma cools and hardens, many changes can occur. •Geology: the study of the origin, history, structure, and the forces that shape the solid earth.σ1 = σ3 + (m σc σ3+ sσc2)0.5 where σ c is the intact compressive strength, s is a rock mass constant (s=1 for intact rock, s<1 for broken rock), and m is a constant (characteristic of the rock type where values range from 25, for coarse grained igneous and metamorphic rocks to 7 for carbonate rocks). View Lithosphere Part 2 NotesPacket.pdf from HISTORY 201 at South Gwinnett High School. Unit 3: Rocks and Processes Earth and Environmental Science Name:_ Types of Rocks and The Rock Cycle Date: ROCK CYCLE NOTES WEDCC Sedimentary Rocks 1. Thick Layers 2. Loosely Compacted 3. Distinct Particles 4. Dull Weathering, Erosion, Weathering, Erosion, Deposition, Cementation, Deposition, Cementation, Compaction Compaction Heat & Melting & Pressure Cooling Metamorphic Rocks Igneous Rocks 1. Think Layers 1. Cools Very Fast - 2.Live. •. Paul Andersen explains how rock is formed and changed on the planet. The video begins with a brief description of rocks, minerals, and the rock cycle. Plate tectonics is used to describe structure near plate boundaries. Hot spots and natural hazards (like volcanos, earthquake, and tsunamis) are included.PDF Notes BrainPOP Adv. Activity Read About It: BrainPOP Gold Foil Experiment Read About It: BrainPOP Niels Bohr Einstein's letter to FDR ... Rock changes through the rock cycle and is classified by how it formed, by its composition, and by its texture. Studying the rock and fossil record help us

The Rock Cycle Rocks are constantly changing in what is called the rock cycle. It takes millions of years for rocks to change. Here is an example of the rock cycle describing how a rock can change from igneous to sedimentary to metamorphic over time. 1. Melted rock or magma is sent to the earth's surface by a volcano.6. When we put the book on top of the rock and pushed it down, what part (process) of the rock cycle were we completing? Heat/Pressure 7. After pushing on the rock multiple times, what type of rock did we create? Metamorphic Rock 8. When we put the rock on the hot plate, what part of the rock cycle were we completing? Heating 9.

describe their path through the rock cycle (task). 2. The student will be able to correctly (standard) state, based on their data (condition), that their journey through the rock cycle did not necessarily represent the whole rock cycle and that their journey may have taken longer in some places in the rock cycle (task). expose the rock beneath leading to a release of pressure (no pressure on the rock). 2. The rock weakens leading to the formation of cracks within the rock. 3. The other layer peels away in the process –sheeting. 4. Sheeting is responsible for the formation of Exfoliation Domes. Rocks which develop under pressure are very strong ex: granite.

diagram of the rock cycle. Visualize It! 13 Apply Write a series of blog entries from the viewpoint of igneous rock that is changing into sedimentary rock. Metamorphic Rock 14 Identify List one process that happens above Earth's surface. List one process that happens below Earth's surface. B C A Lesson 2 The Rock Cycle 475Rock Cycle Diagram (50 points): Be able to correctly label each part of the rock cycle. Be able to correctly label each of the arrows in the rock cycle. Remember-SPELLING COUNTS!!! Rock Cycle Chart Questions (30 points): I will give you 6 out of the 10 study guide questions about your completed Rock Cycle Chart. (5 pts. Each)

Starburst Rock Cycle The Rock Cycle is a model describing the formation, breakdown, and reformation or restructuring of rock as a result of sedimentary, metamorphic, and igneous processes. There are three types of rock, each formed by a different process: Igneous Rock The word igneous comes from the Latin word ignis, meaning fire. Igneous rockLesson Synopsis (Need to Finish) The The Rocks Cycle lesson provides students opportunity to develop and apply an understanding of how rocks change from one form to another. The lesson begins with defining a rock cycle through an interactive powerpoint. Then students take part in a "Journey Through the Rock Cycle" game.

MCQ PDF with answers to solve MCQ test questions: Respiration and breathing, and transport in human beings. Practice Rock Cycle MCQ PDF with answers to solve MCQ test questions: Igneous rocks, metamorphic rocks, rock cycle, and sedimentary rocks. Practice Rocks and Weathering MCQ PDF with answers to solve MCQ test questions: How are rocks made ... Rock Cycle Comic Strip Imagine that you are a rock. Your task is to produce a creative comic strip or mini comic book describing the changes you go through as you progress from one form of rock to another (The Rock Cycle). Points will be awarded based on accuracy and creativity. 1. Your comic must include the following words: Sedimentary Rock ...

Sedimentary Rock Organic sedimentary - remains of plants and animals Coal is an organic sedimentary rock that forms from the accumulation and preservation of plant materials, usually in a swamp environment. Coal is a combustible rock and along with oil and natural gas it is one of the three most important fossil fuels.Oct 07, 2021 · View Copy of Tatiana Umana - Rock Cycle & Minerals AT on 2021-10-07 07_10_38.pdf from SCI 101 at Wheaton High School - Maryland. Rock Cycle & Minerals AT Rocks and minerals help scientists decipher The rock cycle is a natural continuous process in which rocks form, are broken down and re-form again over long periods of time. The process can be described as follows: Heat causes expansion of rocks and cold causes contraction. Wind, water, heat and cold cause the weathering of rocks on the surface of the Earth.A rock changes from one type to another when subjected to certain conditions and the process is known as the rock cycle. When lava cools down, it solidifies to form igneous rocks or primary rocks while sedimentary rocks are formed when igneous rocks are broken down into small particles, carried to other places, and deposited in layers.MCQ PDF with answers to solve MCQ test questions: Respiration and breathing, and transport in human beings. Practice Rock Cycle MCQ PDF with answers to solve MCQ test questions: Igneous rocks, metamorphic rocks, rock cycle, and sedimentary rocks. Practice Rocks and Weathering MCQ PDF with answers to solve MCQ test questions: How are rocks made ... Rock Name Grain Size (cm) Comment Map Symbol Conglomerate Boulders 25.6 Cobbles 6.4 Pebbles .2 Various size rock Particles and mud Silt and Sand Cemented together Sandstone Sand .006 Fine to coarse grains cemented together Siltstone Silt .0004 Very fine grained Shale Clay Compact, may split easily

This science graphic organizer will aid in student concept retention, focus, creativity, and engagement. Students will use this graphic organizer to identify and define the rock cycle. I have also included space for students to give examples of each type of rock and to define the processes involved in forming sedimentary rocks - weathering ...MCQ PDF with answers to solve MCQ test questions: Respiration and breathing, and transport in human beings. Practice Rock Cycle MCQ PDF with answers to solve MCQ test questions: Igneous rocks, metamorphic rocks, rock cycle, and sedimentary rocks. Practice Rocks and Weathering MCQ PDF with answers to solve MCQ test questions: How are rocks made ...

Rock Cycle Resources . Lunar and Planetary Institute Education Pages . ... Scroll down for links to a variety of lecture notes, on minerals, igneous, sedimentary ... MCQ PDF with answers to solve MCQ test questions: Respiration and breathing, and transport in human beings. Practice Rock Cycle MCQ PDF with answers to solve MCQ test questions: Igneous rocks, metamorphic rocks, rock cycle, and sedimentary rocks. Practice Rocks and Weathering MCQ PDF with answers to solve MCQ test questions: How are rocks made ... describe their path through the rock cycle (task). 2. The student will be able to correctly (standard) state, based on their data (condition), that their journey through the rock cycle did not necessarily represent the whole rock cycle and that their journey may have taken longer in some places in the rock cycle (task).

Created Date: 9/14/2016 7:42:04 AM a mixture of rock-forming minerals and other materials such as volcanic glass, organic material, or other natural materials. Rock Cycle Scientists have created a model to show how rocks slowly change over time. The rock cycle shows the processes that create and change rocks. The three types of rocks shown in the rock cycle are igneous, Topic 4 Notes: Rocks and the Rock Cycle ( workbook p. 45-59) Rocks are naturally-occurring, solid mixtures of one or more minerals; certain rocks can also be made from organic matter. Rocks are classified by their origin (how they formed) into three types: igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic.The hydrological cycle The hydrologiccycle is a conceptual model thatdescribes the storage and movement of water between the biosphere, atmosphere, lithosphere, and the hydrosphere (see Figure2.1). Water on this planet can be stored in any one of the followingreservoirs: atmosphere, oceans, lakes, rivers, soils, glaciers, snowfields, and ...The processes involved in the rock cycle often take place over millions of years. So on the scale of a human lifetime, rocks appear to be "rock solid" and unchanging, but in the longer term, change is always taking place. In the rock cycle, illustrated in figure 8, the three main rock types—igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic—are ...The global carbon cycle. Carbon naturally moves, or cycles, between the atmosphere and vegetation, soils, and the oceans over time scales ranging from years to millennia and longer. Human activities, primarily the burning of fossil fuels and clearing of forests, have increased the . transfer of carbon as CO. 2 . to the atmosphere.

View Lithosphere Part 2 NotesPacket.pdf from HISTORY 201 at South Gwinnett High School. Unit 3: Rocks and Processes Earth and Environmental Science Name:_ Types of Rocks and The Rock Cycle Date: Rocks and Rock Cycle Anchor Charts | Student Notes | Interactive Notebook. by. Teaching Mini People. $2.50. PDF. This Rocks and Rock Cycle Anchor Chart set is perfect for elementary students learning about how rocks form through the rock cycle and what makes them each rock type.

The bundle starts with a presentation and guided notes to learn what minerals are and the 3 types of rocks and how they change from one form to another in the rock cycle. The bundle contains a variety of activities to reach all learners. The bundle includes: Rocks and Minerals Guided Notes and Task Card Review. Rock Identification Lab. Metamorphic rocks and processes • Metamorphism comes from the Greek words "Meta" - change "Morphe" - form • Metamorphic rocks form by solid-state (no melting) transformation of preexisting rock by processes that take place beneath Earth's surface.pre-existing igneous or sedimentary rock The materials that make up the rocks of the crust are slowly but constantly being changed from one form to another. The inter-relationships between rock types can be summarized on what is known as the rock cycle diagram [see p. 28, and the figure to the left]. Magma can either cool slowly (over